BIOL-4474/3 Forest Health And Protection
This course focuses on the effect of fire, insect, disease and abiotic disturbances on the sustainable management of commercial forests in Canada. The impact of forest health management on forestry activities and planning are examined. The historic practices, current activities and future trends of protecting commercial forests and ensuring the integrity of forest ecosystems are discussed. The environmental impact of forest health protection activities are highlighted and alternatives, including current and future research activities are investigated. The course will emphasize the impact of forest health activities on the general ecological components of forest systems (using numerous detailed examples of forest pests and problems) and the relationship between forest succession and forest protection. The evolution of forestry protection policy and regulation of the forest industry in Canada are traced.
BIOL-4475/3 Urban Forestry
This course focuses on the biology and ecology of trees that make up our urban forests. The management of urban native and ornamental trees is studied and their functional role in urban forests is investigated. The impact of both natural and human induced stresses on the urban forest and the role urban forests occupy in the urban environment is examined. The course will focus on the protection and enhancement of the urban forest in relation to other competing interests. The planning and management of urban forests is discussed both from an historical and current perspective and the future of urban forests. Finally the policy and regulation of the management of urban forests is examined in relation to differing tree species, urban ecosystems and the influence of natural forests that may surround the urban forest. The course will consist of classroom lectures, guest speakers and field trip participation.
BIOL-4476/3 Forest Policy And Management
This course focuses on the principals and practices of sustainable forestry in Canada. This course outlines the evolution of the forest industry in Canada. Students learn about the general aspects of forestry, including various components (e.g. harvesting , reforestation forest protection, private woodlot forestry, specialty products from the forest etc.) and how they are governed through Acts, regulations, codes and guidelines. The course examines past and current forestry practices and legal frameworks. The role of forestry in Canada within the larger applications of multi-resource management, multi-stakeholder processes and the global market is studied. The environmental impact of forest management activities on the landscape is examined in light of ever changing environmental codes and restrictions and the need to produce "green products" . The course examines the evolution of forestry policy and regulation of the forest industry in Canada. The course consists of class room and field trip participation.
BIOL-4472/3 Forestry Research Field Course
An intensive three week field course designed to give students a comprehensive overview forestry and forest management in Manitoba. Students learn about boreal forest and urban forest ecosystems, tree and plant identification, assess vegetation quadrants and classify vegetation in different forest types , use provincial vegetation V-type guides, learn about forestry activities and environmental impact assessment, learn soil classification (dig soil pits and perform soil analysis), study forest succession, dendrochronology, tree growth and yield and silviculture. The course also examines the impact of forestry on biodiversity and the impact of insects, disease and abiotic factors on tree and forest health (see pictures).
ENV-3609/3 Research Design and ENV-3610/3 Research Projects
These courses assist students to identify, structure, develop and complete research projects in a scientific approach with relevance to real world situations. During the terms students are required to undertake a research project in an area of environmental/urban studies interest. Presentation of results, both orally and in written form, is required. Students work closely with the instructor or another member of the faculty and an external advisor from the community during the development and completion of the project. As much as possible, research projects are designed to assist a community group, government department, or private sector firm in their everyday operation. External advisors will represent these same organizations.
ENV-4611/6 Environmental Impact Assessment
This course examines the effects of urban and agricultural industrial and related infrastructure development and natural resource development may have on the surrounding environment. Methods to determine potential environmental impacts from developments are explored. The types of environmental impacts are reviewed and techniques examined for the measurement and interpretation of the effects on the people and the environment. The components of an environmental impact assessment review are discussed and the various steps associated with each phase of a development examined. Students learn about the regulatory aspects of the review process, both from a provincial and federal perspective. Students are given examples of assessments completed and in progress and get to meet and listen to people involved in environmental impact assessment from a wide spectrum of viewpoints.